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History

Eglise de Lauzun vue du Château Lauzun has always been a stronghold. Well located on a height, thus having the ability to monitor the surrounding countryside and the access roads, the site of Lauzun was from the Gallo-Roman period the location of an "oppidum". This strong place allowed the occupants to defend the land and outbuildings under their protection. The castle was built  at the end of the sixth century. Serfs and villains settled around and later, the artisans and merchants.
From the twelfth century, Nompar de Caumont were the Lords of Lauzun and it's surrounding lands. A hundred years later, the castle became a fortress with a tower, ramparts, moats and gates at the drawbridge, defended by towers .Two towers still stand inside the village.
Cour intérieure du châteauOver time, adjustments and changes occurred, and the castle was transformed gradually to the Renaissance, in a more comfortable house for Lords.
The Lordship of Lauzun had in the late Middle Ages eighteen churches and chapels, religious buildings but these were unfortunately destroyed or abandoned during the religion wars and then during the french Revolution.
In Saint-Etienne's church, it is still possible to admire the altar and the pulpit to preach dated from the seventeenth century. The sculptor, named Gourdon had received the order from Gabriel Nompar de Caumont, Compte de Lauzun, in 1623 for the chapel Récollets. Disassembled into parts and burnt at the destruction of the chapel, the remains of the altar were recovered in the parish church in the middle of the nineteenth century. There are also a Christ wooden polychrome statue from the Sixteenth century, a first Madonna and child dated from the fifteenth century and a second one, known as "La Mole", dated from the sixteenth century.

Some facts about Lauzun:

église Saint Macaire

In 1300 the archbishop of Bordeaux, Bertrand de Got came to visit its priories. He became Pope Clement V in 1305.

In 1565 Catherine de Medicis and her son, the future King Charles IX, slept at the castle.

In 1570 the Barony became a County.

In 1692 the County of Lauzun became the Duchy of Antonin Nompar de Caumont, the famous Duke of Lauzun (son of Gabriel de Caumont  who died in 1660).

In 1793, Year II of the Republic, Lauzun became one of the nine district towns of Lot et Garonne's department and recieved as well a justice court and a post office.

Some famous characters of Lauzun :

Antonin Nompar de Caumont, Duke of Lauzun had a life full of adventure.

Born in Lauzun in 1633, he was sent by his father to his cousin, the Maréchal de Gramont who enrolled him in one of the many military academies of Paris as simple "Cadet de Gascogne". He had a military career and shall be remembered for his outstanding courage and his great sense of strategy.

Antonin Nompar de Caumont, Duke of Lauzun and Saint-Fargeau, former captain of the company Cents Gentilshommes de la Maison du Roy, captain of the first French company of bodyguards, Governor of the province of Berry, and the cities of Bourges and Issoudun. Colonel General dragons France, Chevalier of the illustrious Order of the Garter in Great Britain.

At Louis XIV's Court, he has been successively and repeatedly favorite and disgraced. Firstly sent to the Bastille, he took his place back at the court, then, served by Madame de Montespan favorite of the king, he has been imprisoned for ten years in the fortress of Pinerolo, where he became the neighbour of Fouquet and the Iron Mask.

Thereafter, he married secretly in 1688 with Anne d'Orléans, known as the Grande Mademoiselle, Duchesse de Montpensier, cousin of Louis XIV. When she died, although 62 years old, he married in 1695 Maréchal de Lorge's 15 years old daughter, Geneviève Durfort de Lorge. He died in 1723 at the age of 90.

Armand Louis de Gontaut-Biron, Duke of Lauzun : Born in Paris on the 13th of april 1747, General Biron was guillotined on 31 December 1793 Place de la Revolution in Paris. He inherited a colossal fortune, he defrayed the Armand Louis de Gontaut-Bironscandalous chronicle of the Court where he was placed by public rumor among the lovers of Marie-Antoinette. He took part in the Independence War of the United States with its "Hussars of Lauzun" under the command of Rochambeau. He was covered with glory at the headquarters of Yorktown in October 1781 which was a decisive victory. (We can admire a painting in the Dome of the U.S. Senate in Washington  DC where the Ducke of Lauzun is with Lafayette and Rochambeau). Deputy in the french General Assembly, he joined the revolution; Lieutenant General in 1792 under the Convention, he commanded the armies of the West against Vendée in 1793. Accused of treason, he was arrested and guillotined.



Pierre Boussion, physician and conventional. Born in Lauzun on the 6th of January 1753, he died in Liège on the 18th of May 1829. Son of a surgeon of Lauzun, he studied in Agen and Bordeaux, graduated physician in Montpellier in 1773 and immediately came to settle in his hometown.

Pierre Boussion

He became a member of the french General Assembly and was part of the deputation sent to the king on  the 31st of December 1790. He joined the National Convention on the 11th of September 1792, was a member of the committee of twelve people on the trial of Louis Capet, the 8 of January 1793 where he voted the death of King Louis XVI. Friend of the Girondins, he was elected to the Council of Elders, the 4 of Brumaire an IV, for the Assembly elections in France and the expiration of his second term, he returned to private life as advisor at the prefecture of Lot et Garonne. Reached by the law of 12 January 1816 against the old conventional rigicides, he left for exile and settled permanently in Liège where he returned to the practice of medicine.

François-Peloubet Chabrier : Born in Lauzun on the 21st of July 1789, he died in Paris on the 23rd of March 1871. Employee for the University's the central administration offices from 1810 to 1815, Inspector for the Academies of Cahors and Toulouse from 1815 to 1821, he became General Archives Guard and refused a promotion to become a State advisor. He told at the time that he had to continue working for the Archives because it was a task given to him by the Emperor. He then became master-advisor for la Cour des Comptes and appointed Senator by imperial decree of the 5th of october 1864. He also became Grand Officer of the Legion of Honor in August 1852.

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